Geographical Location: the Republic of Panama is located in the center of the Western Hemisphere, between the following coordinated ones: them 7º12 ' 07 " and 9º38 ' 46 " of North Latitude and them 77º09 ' 24 " and 83º03 ' 07 " of Longitude west.
It borders to the North on the Caribbean Sea, to the East on the Republic of Colombia, on the South on the Pacific Ocean and on the West on the Republic of Costa Rica.
Panama forms a link between Central America and South America, constituting an isthmus of 80 km wide in his narrowest section.
Political division: 9 provinces and 5 regions.
Government: constitutional democracy, centralized Republic.
Language: the official language is Spanish, nevertheless, many people speak English.
Climate: Panama is tropical and the temperature is usually uniform throughout the whole year. The average of the temperature is 27 grades C.
Religion: absolute freedom of worship exists in Panama. The majority of the Panamanian are Roman Catholics. Nevertheless, due to the big diversity of the country, there are numerous churches, temples and synagogues.
Schedule: the hour of Panama is the whole equal year to the standard time of the East of the United States (GMT - 5)
Currency (US$): the dollar E.U.A. The proper coins of Panama are equivalent in size and in value to those of the E.U.A.
Tips: From 10 % to 15 % of the amount.
Driving License: the visitors can handle up to 90 days with foreign license.
Clothing: pledges are recommended of dressing light. The clothes for the business are formal: there is recommended a light sack for the men and a suit or set of trousers for the women. A sombrero of wide wing and glasses for the sun are necessary if it goes to the coast.
How to come? The best way of coming to Panama is across air lines. COPA Airlines, Continental Airlines, American Airlines and Iberia have several flights to the country every day. If you can handle, you can come for the Inter-American Route, which covers Central America. If you come for the seaway, you can disembark in one of our ports.
Requisites of entry to the country
- Valid passport. All the tourists will have to carry their valid passport.
- Ticket of return and documents to enter to another country of destination.
- Economic solvency.
- Visa or a tourist's card.
- Tourist's visa: It is possible to obtain of Panamanian consulates in the exterior.
- Tourist's card: Valid for 30 days, normally the airline sells it to you when your baggage register and is delivered in the airport of exit. Cost: 5.00 $. If it forgets to sell it, you can buy it on having come to the Airport in Panama to the authorities of Migration. It is possible to acquire an extension in the central office of migration for two additional months doing the request 7 days before winning the first 30 days. In some cases a card of tourism is not necessary. The card of tourism give you 90 days in Panama. If you want to extend your demurrage more than 90 days, you must visit the offices of Migration and Naturalization before finished the period of 90 days (see more under the details on like extending your visa).
Extending your Visa of Tourism
Go to the offices of Migration: In Panama these are in the Avenue Cuba and Street 29, another one is located in Tumba Muerto, also there are offices in David (Province of Chiriqui), Chitre (Province of Herrera), Changuinola (Province of Bocas del Toro) and Santiago (Province of Veraguas). You have to bring your passport, US$10, a passport photocopy of the page with your particular information and one of the page where there registered your most recent entry to Panama, a letter in Spanish requesting a tourist's extension and your ticket of comeback for plane. In Panama, when you come to Migration, you will ask for a “tourist's extension ”, which is a form that it will have to fill. The whole process takes generally two hours.
Migratory classification for Visas
Visa Stamp or Card of Tourism
Cuba, Haiti, Surinam
Ecuador, Peru, Rep. Dominican.
Canada, Estates Unites, Mexico,
Belice, Antigua y Barbuda, Bahamas,
Barbados, Dominica, Granada,
Byelorussia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia,
Jamaica, San Cristobel y Nevis, Santa
Macedonia, Serbia y Montenegro.
Moldavia, Rumania, Russia, Ukraine.
Lucia, Trinidad y Tobago, Guyana,
Afghanistan, Arabia Saudis, America,
Vietnam, Maldives, Mongolia.
Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
Japan, Rep. De China, (Taiwan),
Brunei, Camboya, Rep. Popular China,
Emirates Arabs Unites, India, Indonesia,
Fiji: Islas Marshall, Islas Salomon Kiribati,
Iran Iraq, Jordania, Kasajistán, Kuwait, Laos,
Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua, Nueva Guinea,
Libano, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman,
Samoa Occidental, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu.
Australia, Nueva Zealand.
Pakistan, Qatar, Rep. Popular Democratic
De Korea, Syria, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Las
Angola, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Cameron, Gabon,
Ghana, Islas Comores, Madagascar, Malawi,
Mauricio, Republic Centro Africana, Republic del
Congo, Santo Tome y Principe, Seychelles,
Argelia, Benin, Burkina, Faso, Burundi, Chad,
Swaziland, Tongo, Zimbabwe.
Costa de Marfil, Djibouti, Eritrea, Egypt, Ethiopia,
Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea
Equatorial, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya,
Mali, Marruecos, Mauritania, Mozambique,
Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rep. Democratic
Del Congo, Rwanda, Rep. Saharaui, Senegal,
Sierra Leona, Somalia, Sudan, Sudafrica,
Tanzania, Tunez, Uganda, Zambia.
Countries that do not need Visa to enter to the National Territory
Agreement of Suppression of Visas:
Exemption of Visa:
Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Uruguay, Costa Rica,
Salvador, Honduras, Paraguay, Brazil, Nicaragua,
Andorra, Denmark, Eslovaquia, Slovenia, Estonia,
Ireland, Islander, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Noruega,
Alemania, Hungría, Austria, Italia, Polonia, España,
Republic Checa, Suecia, Malta, San Marino, Vaticano.
Portugal, Reino Unido, Países Bajos, Grecia, Finland,
Luxemburg, Belgian, France, Suiza, Lithuania, Leetonia,
Rep. De Korea (Korea del Sur)
Arriving to Panama
On having come to the International Airport of Tocumen, it is good to know the particular characteristics of the same one. The passengers who come have access to a magnificent free zone of taxes, some shops are opened 24 hours of the day. It is in the top, very accessible level to realize buys before continuing to immigration and customs in the low level. The ATP (Authority of Tourism of Panama) supports an office of information in the field of customs, opened of 8 a.m. to 12 p.m.
A position of taxis exists in the field of exit of the Airport once you pass for the Customs. The trip of 30 minutes in taxi from the Airport of Tocumen towards the city of Panama can cost him about US$20 or more. The official fee is US$10.00 for person if you share the taxi with four passengers, US$14.00 for person if you share it with two passengers and US$25.00 for private taxi.
There are buses but they do not transit next to the terminal and the stop of buses is at considerable distance on foot. It is not advisable to take a bus.
For commercial international flights, going out of Panama it is necessary to pay US$20.00 of tax of exit of the airport.
Fairs and National Festivals 2009
International Flower and Coffee Fair, Boquete:
January 8 - 18
San Sebastian Fair of Ocu :
January 14 – 19
International Fair of Chorrera:
January 21 to February 1
Agricultural Fair-East Side, Tanara Chepo :
January 15 - 18
Orange Fair in Churuquita Grande,Penonome :
January 29 to February 1
Candelaria Fair in Bugaba :
January 30 to February 8
Veraguas Fair, Sona:
February 11 - 16
Santa Fe Fair, Veraguas:
January 30 to February 2
Santa Fe Fair, Darien:
March 5 - 8
El Valle Fair in Tonosi:
March 12 - 15
San Jose International Fair, David:
March 12 - 22
San Jose Fair in Tole:
March18 - 22
Fair of Chitra, Calobre Veraguas:
March 13 - 15
Orchids Expo-Fair, Boquete:
April 8 - 12
National Fair of Colon:
March 26 to April 5
Azuero International Fair:
April 16 - 26
Capira Fair in Villa Rosario:
July 3 - 6
High Grounds Fair in Volcan:
July 29 to August 2
Flower of the Holy Spirit Fair in Las Minas, Herrera:
August 28 - 30
Sea Fair, Bocas del Toro:
September 11 - 20
International Fair in Changuinola, Bocas del Toro:
September 22 - 27
Camaron Arriba Santa Rosa Fair, Bugaba Chiriqui
September 25 - 27
Isla Tigre Fair, San Blas
October 16 - 18
San Andres Fair in Bugaba, Chiriqui
November 27 - 30
High Grounds Fair in Bugaba, Chiriqui
Dicember 16 - 20
January 3 - 8
Corpus Christi Festival:
June 11 - 15
“Pollera” National Festival:
August 13 - 16
September 17 - 24
Torito Guapo Festival:
October 14 - 18
Diablos and Congos Festival
Cristo Negro of Portobelo
Coffee Festival in Rio Sereno, Chiriqui
Information provided by the Panamanian Institute of Tourism (IPAT)